According to the definition of the World Health Organization, mycotoxins are natural toxic substances produced by fungi (molds) and can be in animal feed or food for human consumption.
These mycotoxigenic fungi grow easily on various crops and foods such as cereals, nuts, spices, apples, coffee beans, etc. and can be harmful to health even in low concentrations.
Mycotoxins generally grow in warm and humid environments, as they are very resistant to high temperatures. Consequently, they can appear in the grain drying process and in most food and feed processing operations.
Mycotoxicosis (or diseases caused by mycotoxins) can lead to various adverse effects on animal and human health; Its effects can be acute due to short exposure to high doses, or chronic when the living being is exposed to the toxin in small amounts for a long period of time.